Effectively Treating Melasma: A Comprehensive Guide

Treatment for melasma in Victoria BC

At Glow Luxe, we see many clients with pigmentation concerns. While much of the pigmentation is due to sun damage and aging, some is due to a special pigmented condition called melasma. The treatment of melasma takes a special and customized approach in order to achieve a proper and lasting result. Unfortunately many skincare providers don't fully understand how to treat melasma safely and effectively.

Melasma is sometimes referred to as "pregnancy mask." The term "pregnancy mask" or "chloasma" is used because melasma often occurs during pregnancy, particularly in women. It is estimated that up to 50-75% of pregnant women may experience some degree of melasma, and it is more common among individuals with darker skin tones.

While melasma is commonly associated with pregnancy, it can also occur in individuals who are not pregnant, both men and women. Factors such as sun exposure, hormonal changes from birth control pills, hormone replacement therapy, and genetics can contribute to the development of melasma in non-pregnant individuals.


Melasma, characterized by stubborn patches of dark pigmentation on the skin, often poses a challenge in the quest for a flawless complexion. One common concern is whether light-based treatments, like lasers and IPL, can exacerbate the condition. Unfortunately, the answer is sometimes yes.

Understanding the Risks

Light-based treatments can indeed make melasma worse if not administered with care. These treatments work by targeting pigment in the skin, which is the root cause of melasma. However, if performed too aggressively, they can stimulate further pigment production and inflammation, leading to darker patches.

Choosing the Right Approach

Light based treatments such as IPL can be very effective if done correctly. When considering light-based treatments, it's essential to consult a qualified practitioner experienced in treating melasma. They can assess your skin type, melasma subtype, and determine the most suitable treatment modality, such as non-ablative lasers or specific settings for IPL, to minimize the risk of worsening melasma.


Melasma's relationship with sunlight is like a double-edged sword. Sun exposure is a significant trigger for melasma, yet many treatment options also make the skin sensitive to UV radiation.

Sun Protection is Non-Negotiable

Sun protection is paramount in managing melasma. Daily application of broad-spectrum sunscreen with a high SPF is a must. Reapply sunscreen throughout the day, especially if outdoors. Protective clothing, like wide-brimmed hats and sunglasses, provides an additional layer of defense.

Post-Treatment Sun Avoidance

After any melasma treatment, it's crucial to avoid direct sun exposure as much as possible. Even brief exposure can counteract the benefits of treatment and worsen melasma. Practicing sun-safe behaviors is essential for long-term melasma management.


At Glow Luxe we support our melasma treatments with proven and effective topicals. Topical treatments are often the first line of defence against melasma. Several ingredients have demonstrated efficacy in lightening dark patches and improving skin tone. 

Azelaic Acid: Azelaic acid is a gentle yet effective topical treatment for melasma. It works by inhibiting melanin production and is well-tolerated by most skin types.

Kojic Acid: Kojic acid is another melanin-inhibiting ingredient often found in topical treatments. It can be used alone or in combination with other agents for enhanced results.

Tranexamic Acid: Tranexamic acid, originally used to control bleeding, has gained attention for its ability to reduce melanin production. Topical formulations can be very effective for melasma treatment.

Topical treatments for melasma often require time and consistent use to yield visible results. It may take several weeks to months before improvements are noticeable. Adhering to the recommended regimen, is crucial for success.


Above all, patience and consistency are paramount in effectively treating melasma. Melasma is a chronic condition, and managing it is often a long-term commitment.

Set Realistic Expectations: Understand that complete eradication of melasma may not be possible. Focus on improving its appearance and preventing further exacerbation.

Follow Professional Guidance: Consult a skincare professional for a personalized treatment plan. They can assess your unique skin type, melasma severity, and recommend the most appropriate treatments and products.

Sun Protection as a Lifelong Habit: Make sun protection an integral part of your daily routine, even after melasma has improved. Continuing sun-safe practices is crucial for long-term management.

In conclusion, effectively treating melasma involves a combination of strategies, including cautious use of light-based treatments, rigorous sun protection, and the use of effective topical agents. Patience and consistency are key in the journey toward achieving a clearer, more even complexion. Remember, consult with a healthcare professional for personalized guidance tailored to your specific melasma concerns.

Leave a comment

Please note, comments must be approved before they are published